The Carnivorous Plant FAQ v. 11.5
- courtesy of -
The International Carnivorous Plant Society

Species from other areas
Lowlanders Lowland-highland
N. andamana1
N. chang1
N. distillatoria2
N. holdenii3
N. kampotiana4
N. kerrii1
N. madagascariensis5
N. masoalensis5
N. pervillei6
N. rowanae7
N. suratensis1
N. tenax7
N. thai1
N. thorelii8
N. vieillardii9
N. ampullaria10
N. bokorensis3
N. gracilis11
N. gymnamphora12,13
N. khasiana14
N. mirabilis15
N. rafflesiana16
N. smilesii4

1Thailand.
2Sri Lanka.
3Cambodia.
4Cambodia, Thailand, Vietnam.
5Madagascar.
6Seychelles.
7Australia.
8Vietnam.
9New Caledonia.
10In Borneo, Maluku, Sumatra, Thailand, Peninsular Malaysia, Singapore,
  New Guinea.
11In Borneo, Peninsular Malaysia, Singapore, Sulawesi, Sumatra, Thailand.
12Sumatra, Java.
13Includes N. pectinata and N. xiphioides.
14India (Khasia hills, Mt.Jyntea).
15In Borneo, Sumatra, Thailand, Peninsular Malaysia, Sulawesi, Maluku,
  New Guinea, Australia, Philippines, Java, Indo-China, China, Hong Kong,
  Macau, Palau. Includes N. mirabilis var. globosa in Thailand.
16Borneo, Sumatra, Peninsular Malaysia, Singapore.

Q: Nepenthes: species from other parts of the world

A: Most Nepenthes species occur in the main areas of biodiversity (i.e. Borneo, Sumatra, Peninsular Malaysia, Philippines, New Guinea, Waigeo, Sulawesi) discussed in the previous FAQ pages. However, a few species occur out of those ranges--they are listed in the table on this page. Of these species, there is an even smaller subset which consists of those species that occur exclusively outside the major geographic centers of Nepenthes biodiversity. They are:

Nepenthes bokorensis--The description for this plant was published in June 2009, a mere two months before Cheek's publication of the same plant under the name Nepenthes bokor. Under rules of priority, the plant is called Nepenthes bokorensis.

Nepenthes distillatoria--A plant with nice, bulbous-based lower pitchers. Relatively easy to grow, but it is not very extraordinary to the eye.

Nepenthes kerrii--Known to horticulturists as N. sp. Trang.

Nepenthes khasiana--Found in the Khasi Hills of India, one of the only two Nepenthes that has a CITES Appendix I listing. Fairly easy to grow, although I find it difficult (but not impossible) to root from cuttings. Not a very spectacular plant.

Nepenthes madagascariensis--Possibly closely related to N. distillatoria, N. masoalensis, and N. pervillei, because of a single dispersal event long ago. Nepenthes madagascariensis was the first species to be discovered.

Nepenthes masoalensis--Like N. madagascariensis, supposedly quite difficult to grow.

Nepenthes mirabilis var. globosa--A squat, round variety of this species, found in only a few places in Thailand. Long sold under the rogue name Nepenthes "Viking," until the vending families were killed in the 2004 tsunami. Both Nepenthes mirabilis and N. mirabilis var. globosa occur in Thailand.

Nepenthes pervillei--A difficult to grow species with an interesting, bulging pitcher body that gives some specimens a distinctly froglike air!

Nepenthes rowanae--much like N. mirabilis but with a higher hip and gradually tapering leaf blade.

Nepenthes tenax--Essentially, a dwarfed N. mirabilis that the authors are confident is a fixed character.

Nepenthes smilesii--There are arguments as to whether this is really a variety of the polymorphic N. mirabilis. This species was long referred to as "N. anamensis", although this latter name is invalid as it was published later.

Nepenthes thai--Cheek and Jebb originally described N. benstonei as consisting of plants from Thailand and Peninsular Malaysia. Clarke defined N. benstonei as being only Malaysian plants, so Cheek described N. thai as the leftover plants from Thailand.

Nepenthes thorelii--Another poorly known species, relocated in the wild in 2011, for the first time in 102 years (François Mey, pers. comm., 2011). Morphologically, N. thorelii pitchers look somewhat like those of Nepenthes rafflesiana, or at least a hybrid containing some of that species.

Nepenthes vieillardii--The most easterly of all the species, a pretty plant with red pitchers.

Another way to look at these wide-ranging species is to consider them geographically. Below are the countries that have Nepenthes (of course, not including the countries discussed on previous pages), the number of species they contain, and the relevant species lists:

Australia (3): N. mirabilis, N. rowanae, N. tenax;
Cambodia (5): N. bokorensis, N. holdenii N. kampotiana, N. mirabilis, N. smilesii;
India (1): N. khasiana;
Java (2): N. gymnamphora, N. mirabilis;
Madagascar (2): N. madagascariensis, N. masoalensis;
Maluku (2): N. ampullaria, N. mirabilis;
New Caledonia (1): N. vieillardii;
Seychelles (1): N. pervillei;
Singapore (3): N. ampullaria, N. gracilis, N. rafflesiana;
Sri Lanka (1): N. distillatoria;
Thailand (10): N. ampullaria, N. andamana, N. chang, N. gracilis, N. kampotiana, N. kerrii, N. mirabilis (including Nepenthes mirabilis var. globosa), N. smilesii, N. suratensis, N. thai;
Vietnam (3): N. kampotiana, N. smilesii, N. thorelii.

Left-over N. mirabilis regions not given above in complete detail are Indo-China, China, Hong Kong, Macau, Palau.

Page citations: Catalano, M. 2010; Cheek, M.R., and Jebb, M.H.P. 2001; Clarke, C., and Kruger, R. 2005, 2006; Danser, B.H. 1928; Jebb, M.H.P., and Cheek, M. 1997; McPherson, S. 2009b, 2010; Mey, F.S. 2009; Rice, B. 2006a; Schlauer, J. 2002; Schmid-Hollinger, R. 1979.

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Revised: August 2011
©Barry Rice, 2005