The Carnivorous Plant FAQ v. 12

FAQ Citation List

The FAQ started around 1993 as a way of providing information to casual pilgrims of carnivorous plant knowledge, and especially for newbie subscribers to the then-active "CP Listerve." In its first few versions, the FAQ was so small it was a single web page! With each new version, the FAQ grew, until it became the great, slobbering beast it is today with more than 700 pages.

In its original incarnations, the FAQ was not designed to be a formal document. However, I have always wanted it to be as scientifically robust as possible. So for your use and further research I provide references at the bottom of each FAQ entry.

Three types of references are used in the FAQ that may look a little different from the normal author citations. They are as follows:

Personal observation: Something I have picked up over the years.
Reader contribution: From a FAQ reader, usually identified by first name, last initial.
Other sources: Sources I cannot recall, but believe are sound. (Sloppy and rare!)

Adam, J.H., and Hamid, H.A. 2007, Pitcher Plants (Nepenthes) recorded From Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, Bangi, Selangor, Malaysia. Int. J. of Bot. 3: 71-77.
Adam, J.H., and Hamid, H.A. 2006, Pitcher plants (Nepenthes) recorded from Keningau-Kimanis Road in Sabah, Malaysia. Int. J. of Bot. 2: 431-436.
Adamec, L. 2003, Zero water flows in the carnivorous genus Genlisea. Carniv. Pl. Newslett. 32: 46-48.
Adamec, L. 2008, The influence of prey capture on photosynthetic rate in two aquatic carnivorous plant species. Aquatic Botany, 89: 66-70.
Akhriadi, P., Hernawati, Primaldhi, A. & Hambali, M. 2009, Nepenthes naga, a new species of Nepenthaceae from Bukit Barisan of Sumatra. Reinwardtia. 12(5): 339-342.
Alm, T. 2005, Pinguicula vulgaris (Lentibulariaceae) and its uses in Norway. Sida. 21: 2249-2274.
Anderson, B. 2005, Adaptations to foliar absorption of faeces: a pathway in plant carnivory. Ann. Bot. 95: 757-761.
Anderson, B. and Midgley , J.J. 2002, It takes two to tango but three is a tangle: mutualists and cheaters on the carnivorous plant Roridula. Oecologia. 132: 369-373.
Anderson, B. and Midgley , J.J. 2003, Digestive mutualism, an alternate pathway in plant carnivory. Oikos. 102: 221-224.
Anderson, B. and Midgley , J.J. 2007, Density-dependent outcomes in a digestive mutualism between carnivorous Roridula plants and their associated hemipterans. Oecologia. 152: 115-120.
Anderson, M.S. 2016, Propagating Drosophyllum from cuttngs. Carniv. Pl. Newslett. 45: 72.
Anfraix, R. 2004, New Cultivars: Dionaea 'Louchapates.' Carniv. Pl. Newslett. 33: 100.
Anonymous 2001, Coverage Policy Bulletins Number: 207, Subject: Prolotherapy, Aetna Inc., September 5, accessed 4 April 2002. (; now a broken link)
Anonymous, Washington State Dept. of Ecology 2000, Non-native freshwater plants: swollen bladderwort, accessed 4 April 2000. (; now a broken link)
Ansaldi, M., and Casper, S.J. 2009, Pinguicula mariae Casper nova spec. and Pinguicula apuana Casper et Ansaldi nova spec.--A Contribution to the Occurrence of the Genus Pinguicula L. (Lentibulariaceae) in the Apuan Alps (Italy). Wulfenia. 16: 1-31.
APG 2016, An update of the Angiosperm Phylogeny Group classification for the orders and families of flowering plants: APG IV. Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society. 181 (1): 120.
Bailey, T.S. 2008, Miraculum Naturae: Venus's Flytrap. Trafford Publishing, Victoria, B.C., Canada. 279 p.
Bailey, T., and McPherson, S. 2012, Dionaea: The Venus's Flytrap. Redfern Natural History Productions, Poole, Dorset, England. 448 p.
Barthlott, W., Fischer, E., Frahm, J.P., and Seine, R. 2000, Evidence for Zoophagy in the Hepatic Colura. Plant Biol., 2: 93-97.
Barthlott, W., Porembski, S., Seine, R. and Theisen, I. 2007, The Curious World of Carnivorous Plants. Timber Press, 224p.
Barthlott, W., Porembski, S., Fischer, E. and Gemmel, B. 1998, First protozoa-trapping plant found. Nature, 392: 447.
Beck, S.G., Fleischmann, A., Huaylla, H., Müller, K.F., and Borsch, T. 2008, Pinguicula chuquisacensis (Lentibulariaceae), a new species from the Bolivian Andes, and first insights on phylogenetic relationships among South American Pinguicula. Willdenowia. 38: 201-212.
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Berry, P.E., Riina, R., and Steyermark, J.A. 2005. Sarraceniaceae. In Flora of the Venezuelan Guayana. 9: 138-144.
Bily, G. 2010a, New Cultivars (Dionaea 'Korrigans'). Carniv. Pl. Newslett. 39: 36.
Bily, G. 2010b, New Cultivars (Dionaea 'Coquillage', Dionaea 'Alien'). Carniv. Pl. Newslett. 39: 118.
Blancquaert, D. 2010, New Cultivars (Dionaea 'Mirror'). Carniv. Pl. Newslett. 39: 78.
Bove, C.P. 2008. A new species of Utricularia (Lentibulariaceae) from central Brazil. Revista Brasil. Bot. 31(4): 555-558.
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Breckpot, C. 1997, Aldrovanda vesiculosa: Description, Distribution, Ecology, and Cultivation. Carniv. Pl. Newslett. 26: 73-82.
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Bringmann, G., Wenzel, M., Bringmann, H.P., Schlauer, J., Aké Assi, L., Haas, F. 2001, Uptake of the amino acid alanine by digestive leaves: proof of carnivory in the tropical liana Triphyophyllum peltatum (Dioncophyllaceae). Carniv. Pl. Newslett. 30: 15-21.
Bringmann, G., Rischer, H., Schlauer, J., Wolf, K., Kreiner, A., Duschek, M., and Aké Assi, L. 2002, The tropical liana Triphyophyllum peltatum (Dioncophyllaceae): formation of carnivorous organs is only a facultative prerequisite for shoot elongation. Carniv. Pl. Newslett. 31: 44-52.
Bringmann, G., Schlauer, J., Wolf, K., Rischer, H., Buschbom, U., Kreiner, A., Thiele, F., Duschek, M., and Aké Assi, L. 1999, Cultivation of Triphyophyllum peltatum (Dioncophyllaceae), the part-time carnivorous plant. Carniv. Pl. Newslett. 28: 7-13.
Brittnacher, J. 2009, Fertilization of Sarracenia seedlings. Carniv. Pl. Newslett. 38: 36-41.
Brittnacher, J., Rice, B.A., and Song, L. 2000, New cultivars: Pinguicula 'Pirouette'. Carniv. Pl. Newslett. 29: 17.
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Campos, G.L., Cheek, M., and Giulietti, A.M. 2010, Uma nova espécie de Utricularia L. (Lentibulariaceae) da Chapada Diamantina, Bahia, Brasil. Sitientibus Série Ciências Biologicas. 10(2-4): 233-235.
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Case, F.W., and Case, R.B. 1974, Sarracenia alabamensis, a newly recognized species from central Alabama. Rhodora. 76: 650-665.
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Casper, J. 1987. On Pinguicula lignicola, an epiphytic heterophyllic member of the Lentibulariaceae in Cuba. Pl. Syst. Evol. 155: 349-354.
Casper, J. 2007. Pinguicula lippoldii nova spec. and Pinguicula toldensis nova spec.--two endemic Pinguicula species (Lentibulariaceae) from East Cuba new to science. Wulfenia. 14: 75-96.
Catalano, M. 2010. Nepenthes of Thailand. Prague.
Catalano, M. 2014. Nepenthes rosea, una nuova specie dalla Thailandia peninsulare. AIPC Magazine 36: 2431
Catalano, M. 2015. Nepenthes kongkandana, da ufficiosa ad ufficiale. AIPC Magazine 37: 411.
Catalano, M. 2018. Nepenthes orbiculata, una nuova specie da Phang Nga (Thailandia). AIPC Magazine 50: 32-43.
Ceska, A. 2007, BEN digest, 369. 4 January 2007.
Ceska, A., and Ceska, O. 1986, Noteworthy collections - Washington: Utricularia inflata Walt. (Lentibulariaceae). Madrono. 33: 80.
Cheek, M. 2001, Good News: Drosera longifolia L. rejected, Sarracenia purpurea L. conserved with a new type. Carniv. Pl. Newslett. 30: 29-30.
Cheek, M. 2011, Nepenthes robcantleyi sp. nov (Nepenthaceae from Mindanao, Philippines. Nordic J. of Bot. 29: 677-681.
Cheek, M. 2014, Nomen novum Nepenthes. Planta Carnivora 36(2): 4445.
Cheek, M. 2015, Nepenthes (Nepenthaceae) of Halmahera, Indonesia. Blumea 59: 215225.
Cheek, M.R. and Jebb, M.H.P. 2001, Nepenthaceae. Flora Malesiana 15: 1-157.
Cheek, M.R. and Jebb, M.H.P. 2009. Nepenthes group Montanae (Nepenthaceae) in Indo-China, with N. thai and N. bokor described as new. Kew Bulletin 64(2): 319-325.
Cheek, M.R. and Jebb, M.H.P. 2013a. Identification and typification of Nepenthes blancoi, with N. abalata sp. nov. from the western Visayas, Philippines. Nordic Journal of Botany, published online on January 25, 2013.
Cheek, M.R. and Jebb, M.H.P. 2013b. The Nepenthes micramphora (Nepenthaceae) group, with two new species from Mindanao, Philippines. Phytotaxa 151(1): 2534.
Cheek, M.R. and Jebb, M.H.P. 2013c. Nepenthes alzapan (Nepenthaceae), a new species from Luzon, Philippines. Phytotaxa 100(1): 5760.
Cheek, M.R. and Jebb, M.H.P. 2013d. Recircumscription of the Nepenthes alata (Caryophllales: Nepenthaceae), in the Philippines, with four new species. European Journal of Taxonomy 69: 123.
Cheek, M.R. and Jebb, M.H.P. 2013e. Typification and redelimitation of Nepenthes alata with notes on the N. alata, and N. negros sp. nov. from the Philippines. Nordic Journal of Botany 31(5): 616622.
Cheek, M.R. and Jebb, M.H.P. 2013f. Nepenthes ramos (Nepenthaceae), a new species from Mindanao, Philippines. Willdenowia 43(1): 107111.
Cheek, M.R. and Jebb, M.H.P. 2013g. Nepenthes samar (Nepenthaceae), a new species from Samar, Philippines. Blumea 58(1): 8284.
Cheek, M.R. and Jebb, M.H.P. 2013h. Nepenthes ultra (Nepenthaceae), a new species from Luzon, Philippines. Blumea, published online on October 24, 2013.
Cheek, M.R. and Jebb, M.H.P. 2014. Expansion of the Nepenthes alata group (Nepenthaceae), Philippines, and descriptions of three new species. Blumea 59(2): 144154.
Cheek, M.R. and Jebb, M.H.P. 2016a. A new section in Nepenthes (Nepenthaceae) and a new species from Sulawesi. Blumea 61: 5962.
Cheek, M.R. and Jebb, M.H.P. 2016b. Nepenthes minima (Nepenthaceae), a new pyrophytic grassland species from Sulawesi, Indonesia. Blumea 61: 181185
Cheek, M.R., Tadang, D.N., and Pelser, P.B. 2015. Nepenthes barcelonae (Nepenthaceae), a new species from Luzon, Philippines. Phytotaxa 222(2): 145150.
Cheek, M.R., Jebb, M., Murphy, B., & Mamor, F. 2018. Nepenthes section Insignes in Indonesia, with two new species. Blumea 62(3): 174178.
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