The Carnivorous Plant FAQ v. 11.5
- courtesy of -
The International Carnivorous Plant Society

Q: The "petiolaris-complex"

The "petiolaris-complex"1
D. brevicornis
D. broomensis
D. caduca
D. darwinensis
D. derbyensis
D. dilatato-petiolaris
D. falconeri
D. fulva
D. kenneallyi
D. lanata
D. ordensis
D. paradoxa
D. petiolaris2
1All in Drosera sect. Lasiocephala.
2Native to Australia and New Guinea.

A: This group of sundews consists of very closely related rosetted species that live in very warm, seasonally moist areas. Since their habitat is largely tropical, the seasonal variation seems to be more firmly dependent upon the wet-dry season than temperature changes. All except D. petiolaris are restricted to Australia.

Most of these plants look like a variation on the eponymous Drosera petiolaris, that is, a rosette of plants with very long and narrow petioles, and comparatively small, round leaf blades that bear very sticky stalked glands. In overall quality, the differences between the species are based upon characteristics such as how hairy the leaves are (some of the plants--like Drosera ordensis--are really, really hairy), how large the plants are, or if the plants tend to elongate in growth.

In the wild, these plants have been observed to hybridize, which complicates identifications.

Now, I must preface my following statements with a disclaimer: I have never seen these plants in the wild, and perhaps in the wild the segregation of the plants into clearly defined populations is entirely obvious. However, I must say that some of the species in this group seem very weakly separated from each other. I suspect that some field workers might easily interpret these species as merely populations of a larger, more variable species. If you think I am wrong, please send me a check for US$2500 or so, so I can visit Australia and make my own evaluations. Actually, double that because my wife will want to come along too. The same kinds of arguments can be made about South African Drosera, too, so there is plenty of interestingg room for research in this genus.

One species in this group, Drosera falconeri, really sticks out as an oddity. Unlike the other plants in the petiolaris-complex, this plant has large leaf blades. This plant looks like a sundew doing its best impersonation of a Venus flytrap. It is quite bizarre. Despite these morphological characteristics, this plant can hybridize with the other plants in the complex!

Drosera banksii, while classified in the genus section Lasiocephala (i.e. the "petiolaris-complex") is almost certainly misclassified, so I deal with it elsewhere.

Growing these plants has mostly been a frustrating experience for me. In Arizona I grew them in a hot, extremely bright greenhouse and did well with them. However, propagation was difficult. I was never successful with leaf cuttings, and was only able to vegetatively propagate them by division when the plants naturally clumped. But even that was hard. Also, during the dry season the plants would enter a dormancy during which I encurred significant losses. However, looking back at my efforts back then, I see some foolish mistakes that I made. I should try to grow these plants again, as I think they should be pretty straightforward.

The easiest plants in this group to grow, in my experience, are Drosera paradoxa, D. petiolaris, and D. ordensis. The hardest, unfortunately, is Drosera falconeri. During dormancy these plants regress slightly to a smaller rosette or, in some cases, something more like a hibernating bud. Drosera falconeri can turn into a very tight bud that feels like a bulb. I recommend growing them in a mix of peat:sand (1:1), or peat:aggregate (1:1) where the aggregate can be perlite, pumice, or gravel.

Unfortunately, and perhaps because of the difficulty in vegetative propagation, a large number of the plants in horticulture (at least in the USA) are hybrids between the species. Since the species are often weakly separated already, such intermediate (and fertile) hybrids are very difficult to figure out. However, they are vigorous in cultivation, so might make good plants for a person trying to grow them for the first time. The rarity of pure species in cultivation is probably because most will not produce seed if self-pollinated.

Vegetative propagation, at least of the less-hairy species, can be done via leaf pullings that are submerged in purified water until they strike. This is a very cool technique!

Page citations: Lowrie, A. 1999; Rice, B.A. 2006a; personal observations; Schlauer, J. 1996, 2002.

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Revised: August 2008
©Barry Rice, 2005